In latin america, abortion is only legal in cuba (1965) and uruguay (2012) it is also legal in mexico city (the law on abortion in mexico varies by state) in the 2010 case of a, b and c v ireland , the european court of human rights found that the european convention on human rights did not include a right to an abortion.
By 2002 in south africa, for example, six years after liberalizing its abortion law, deaths due to unsafe abortion dropped by at least 50% and the number and severity of postabortion complications fell dramatically as well.
Abortion in the united states has been, and remains, a controversial issue in united states culture and politics various anti-abortion laws have been in force in each state since at least 1900 before the us supreme court decision roe v. Federal and state bans and restrictions on abortion hyde amendment and for women facing unintended pregnancies, prompt access to safe, legal abortion is imperative planned parenthood knows that the only way to reduce the need for abortion is to reduce the number of unintended pregnancies.
Usually pro life activists believe abortion is not only murder, but also an immoral act in contrast, those on the pro choice side believe that abortion should be legal they feel that individuals should have the right to choose what happens with their body in addition, they argue that abortion is not murder due to the baby not being fully developed. Exceptions in abortion law exceptions in abortion laws occur either in countries where abortion is, as a general rule illegal, or in countries which have abortion on request with gestational limits (for example if a country allows abortion on request until 12 weeks, it may create exceptions to this general gestation limit for later abortions in specific circumstances.
Since the supreme court handed down its 1973 decisions in roe v wade and doe v bolton, states have constructed a lattice work of abortion law, codifying, regulating and limiting whether, when and under what circumstances a woman may obtain an abortion the following table highlights the major provisions of these state laws.
Women around the world have used abortion to control their reproduction at every point in history, and in every known society — regardless of its legality in the united states, abortion was widely practiced before about 1880 , by which time most states had banned it except to save the life of the woman.